Critique, Review and Criticism

The terms critic, criticize, criticism all have the basic meaning which is to pass judgment.

Several internet sources were used to present this summary of comparisons between criticism and critique and using a review.

Critique is a noun, which is a detailed analysis that includes positive and negative comments based on evidence and inference. Critique is always impersonal and tries to improve something. The critic reveals a line of reasoning that led to the conclusions.

A review is clarification. Negative opinions are omitted. Never turn it into something personal. A review includes some or all of the following aspects:
-An overview of the artist’s body of work with emphasis upon the recent past.
-Comment on how the work in question relates to the artist’s background of works.
-Insight into the technical and creative intricacies of the work with emphasis upon the artist’s concept. It is helpful to question the artist directly.
-Discover the artist’s goals.
-Any other relevant factors.
The challenge for the reviewer is to seriously consider the entire piece of work and all its implications.
Criticism can be personal, and many times it is taken as an offense by the receiver. It points out the shortcomings and refers to disapproval or fault finding.
The meanings of critique and criticism overlap. Criticism is generally used to refer to an expression of mere disapproval or faultfinding. The critique refers to a detailed and thoughtful analysis.

In summary:
•Criticism finds fault. Critique looks at structure.
•Criticism looks for what’s lacking. Critique finds what’s working.
•Criticism condemns what it doesn’t understand. Critique asks for clarification.
•Criticism is spoken with a cruel wit and sarcastic tongue. Critique’s voice is kind, honest, and objective.
•Criticism is negative. Critique is positive.
•Criticism is vague and general. Critique is concrete and specific.
•Criticism has no sense of humor. Critique uses humor to soften the power of the critique.
•Criticism often looks for flaws in the writer as well as the writing. Critique addresses only what is on the page.

A Sampling of sources:
From Writing Alone, Writing Together; A Guide for Writers and Writing Groups by Judy Reeves

A Critic Critiques Criticism Critically, as described in “The Chronicles Of Harriet”.

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